Climate forces fish to poles

October 14, 2014

According to a University of British Columbia (UBC) study, fish could be moving poleward at a rate of 26 kilometres per decade. These new investigations of the impact of climate change on fish stocks suggest large numbers of fish will be lost from the tropics within the next 35 years. The study, published in ICES Journal of…

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The cost of coral damage

October 10, 2014

A report released by the UN Convention on Biological Diversity warns that ocean acidification will cost us $1 trillion by 2100, the result of degrading tropical coral reefs. The oceans absorb approximately ¼ of our carbon dioxide emissions, something which has been directly reflected by their chemistry. Over the past 250 years, oceans have seen a 26…

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Ocean warming: severely underestimated?

October 9, 2014

Two studies recently published in the journal Nature Climate Change suggest ocean warming has been drastically underestimated. New data suggests our understanding of warming from 1970-2004 in oceans at the upper levels of the Southern Hemisphere needs to be accelerated. Oceans absorb 90 per cent of the excess heat on Earth, and the Southern Hemisphere accounts…

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Global wildlife populations have halved in 40 years

September 30, 2014

According the World Wild Fund for Nature (WWF) Living Planet Report 2014 – released today – global wildlife populations have halved in less than half a century. The biennial report highlights the pressing need to develop solutions to the intense pressure humanity is placing on natural resources. This, the tenth edition of the Living Planet Report, is based…

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Emission control

September 26, 2014

Exhaust gases from ships are a dangerous pollutant, affecting the marine environment and its inhabitants. Professor Wamadeva Balachandran of Brunel University, UK details the most harmful emissions, and how his project DEECON hopes to tackle them. The emission of exhaust gases from ships is a major source of pollutants, causing significant exposure risk to those living…

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New funding to study ocean acidification

September 22, 2014

The US National Science Foundation (NSF) has released 11.4 million dollars in grants to study the effects of acidification on marine ecosystems. Acidification, the result of increasing carbon dioxide levels, may be happening today faster than any time in the past 300 million years – a truly startling finding. In recognition of concerns about acidifying…

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NANO – Not as small as you might think

September 16, 2014

The NF-POGO Alumni Network for Oceans, or ‘NANO’, is a global network of past and present Nippon Foundation–Partnership for Observation of the Global Oceans scholars. The members of the network have a common commitment to ocean science and undertake research to further their understanding and observation of the ocean, for the benefit of society. NANO…

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Acting against acidification

September 12, 2014

Acidification is one of the biggest challenges facing the world’s oceans, largely the result of human carbon dioxide emissions. Professor Alex Rogers, Professor in Conservation Biology at the University of Oxford, explains the problems caused by dropping pH, and how we can tackle it. If we look back to past extinction events, most of them are…

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Oceans, climate change and policy

September 8, 2014

Comprising approximately three quarters of the Earth’s surface, the world’s oceans constitute a crucial component of the planet’s ecology and climate system, and are symbiotically fundamental to the very existence of our species. This link cannot, and should not, be understated. Not only does half the world’s population live within a coastal zone, but economically,…

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